In Korean, the infinitive form of verbs and adjectives is -다. For instance, 가다(to go), 좋다(be good), 먹다(to eat) and 마시다(to drink).
When you say these verbs and adjective as a present tense, you should add the present tense verb/adjective ending -아요/어요/여요.
The form is depending on the last letter’s vowel on the stem. The stem is the last letter after you take off ‘다’.
The steps are
1) Take off ‘다’
2) Look at the last letter’s vowel on the stem
3) If the vowel is ‘ㅏ’or ‘ㅗ’, add 아요. If the vowel is not ‘ㅏ’or ‘ㅗ’, add 어요. If the verb stem is 하, add 여요.
1. verb / adjective(the stem’s vowel is ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ ) + 아요
가다 (‘가’ is the stem -> the vowel is ‘ㅏ’ ) + 아요 => 가아요 => 가요(combine 가and 아 )
오다(‘오’ is the stem -> the vowel is ‘ㅗ’) + 아요 => 오아요 => 와요(combine 오and 아 )
살다(‘살’ is the stem ->the vowel is ‘ㅏ’) + 아요 => 살아요
2. verb / adjective(the stem’s vowel is not ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’ ) + 어요
주다(‘주’ is the stem -> the vowel is ‘ㅜ’) +어요 => 주어요 => 줘요(주+어=>줘 )
마시다 (‘시’ is the last letter -> the vowel is ‘ㅣ’ ) +어요 => 마시어요 => 마셔요(시+어=>셔)
먹다(‘먹’is the stem -> the vowel is ‘ㅓ’) +어요 => 먹어요
3. verb/adjecitve ends with ‘하다’ + 여요 => 하(take off 다) + 여요
공부하다 -> 공부하(take off 다)+ 여요 => 공부하여요(‘하여’ =>해) => 공부해요
피곤하다 -> 피곤하(take off 다) + 여요 => 피곤하여요 => 피곤해요
가다 : to go
오다 : to come
살다 : to live
먹다 : to eat
마시다 : to drink
주다 : to give
공부하다 : to study
피곤하다 : be tired
만나다 (to meet)
Love BTS? Get LOVE YOURSELF: TEAR now!
24 thoughts on “[Grammar] Present tense 아요/어요/여요”
Thank you for the lessons..i have a question here…how about below verbs;
1- 모으다 ..if using the rule up here, it should be 모으다 + 어요, but the answer should be 모아요
Always thank you for your help
모으다 is 으 drop verb, so it follows ㅗ vowel in 모.
Okay, what if 쓰다 ? It becomes 써요 for present tense right?
쓰다 is a irregular verb, you can learn the irregular rule here.
Thank you for teaching us 🙂
What about 공부하다? I know it is 공부해요 right?
Is it irregular?
It is not irregular. 하다 verb/adjective will be conjugated with 여요 and it becomes 하여요. And 하여요 is shortened into 해요.
What if the last letter is a consonant like 살다?
It doesn’t matter which consonant that the end of the letter has. It is 살아요.
Hi, If the ending vowel was ㅣlike 마시다 its always become ㅕ요? Thanks.
Yes. Because vowel ㅣ in 시 combine with 어 in 어요, turn into a double vowel ㅕ. Any verb stems end with ㅣis like this.
what if the last vowel was ㅡ
like 아프다 what should I use?
아프다 ends with ㅡ vowel on the stem(프), so it has ㅡ irregular which is 아파요. You can look at this post to learn ㅡ irregular.