[Grammar] -으러/-으려고 and 으려고 하다

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-(으)러 and -(으)려고  occurs after verbs(not adjective); they mean ‘purpose’ or ‘in order to~’. Although they have the same meaning, there is a difference.  -(으)러 can only be with 가다/오다/다니다(go/come/go frequent).  If you want to use other verbs, you should use ‘-(으)려고’.  However -(으)려고 can’t be used with suggestive and imperative(order) sentence.  I made a table to show you the difference between -(으)러 and -(으)려고.

And -(으)려고 can be with 하다 : -(으)려고 하다 it means ‘be about to do’.

으러
only with 가다,오다, 다니다
statement, question, suggestive, command sentences
으려고
with all verb,
-으려고 하다
can’t use with suggestive, command sentences

 

Form>

verbs(consonant ending)
먹으러(으려고), 읽으러(으려고), 받으러(으려고), 찾으러(으려고)
vebs(vowel ending or ㄹending)
만나러(려고), 마시러(려고),  배우러(려고), 만들러(려고),

You can also put a destination into this phrase, like

-(으)러/-(으)려고   —에   verb

Let’s practice with some sentences.

먹으러 식당에 가요.
I am going to a restaurant to eat.
월급 받으러 회사에 갔어요.
 (somebody) went to the office to get his paycheck.
돈을 찾으러 은행에 왔어요.
 I came to the bank to take out some money. 
친구를 만나러 명동에 가요.
 I am going to Myeongdong to meet my friend.
유진 씨, 술 마시러 호프집에 가요?
Yujin, are you going to a bar to drink?
폴 씨, 우리 같이 한국어 배우러 학원에 가요. 배우려고(X)
 Paul, let’s go to a school to learn Korean together. 
빼려고 헬스장에 다녀요.
 I am going to a gym to reduce my fat.
도자기 만들려고 왔어요.
 I came to make ceramics. 
만나러 다음 달에 서울에 오세요.
Come meet me in Seoul next month.
내년에 결혼하려고 돈을 모아요.
 I am depositing money for my wedding next year. 
지금 나가려고 해요.
 I am about to go out. 

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

4 thoughts on “[Grammar] -으러/-으려고 and 으려고 하다

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