[Grammar] ‘ㄷ’ 불규칙 ; ‘ㄷ’ Irregular verb

‘ㄷ’ 불규칙 ; ‘ㄷ’ Irregular verb

 

When a verb stem ending in ‘ㄷ’ is followed by an ending beginning with a vowel, ‘ㄷ’ changes to ‘ㄹ’. 

Verb(ㄷ ending) + vowel -> ㄷ changes to
걷(다) + 어 -> 걸어
걷(다) + 으 -> 걸으

Verbs

beginning with -아(어)

beginning with -(으)

걷다(walk)

묻다(ask)

듣다(listen)

깨닫다(realize)

걸어요

물어요

들어요

깨달아요

걸으면

물으면

들으면

깨달으면

e.g) 

저기까지 같이 걸어 가요.

Let’s walk over there together.  

이길을 걸으면 옛날 친구 생각이 나요.

 When I walk this street, think of my old friend. 

우리 선생님한테 물어 보세요.

I suggest you to (try to) ask my teacher. 

이 노래 한번 들어 보세요.

I suggest you to (try to) listen to this song. 

음악을 들으면 마음이 편해요.

 I am very relaxed when I listen to music. 

You can also listen to the pronunciation here

 

However, not all of the ‘ㄷ’ending verbs change their shape, some of them don’t change. For example, 

Verbs

beginning with -아(어)

beginning with -(으)

받다(receive)

닫다(close)

믿다(believe)

묻다(be stained)

받아요

닫아요

믿어요

묻어요

받으면

닫으면

믿으면

묻으면

e.g)

친구한테서 선물을 받았어요.

I got a gift from my friend. 

문을 닫으세요.

 Please close the door.

저는 민수 씨 말을 믿어요.

 I believe what Minsu said.

민수 씨, 옷에 커피가 묻었어요.  

 Minsu, there is a coffee stain on your shirt. 

You can listen to the pronunciation here

4 thoughts on “[Grammar] ‘ㄷ’ 불규칙 ; ‘ㄷ’ Irregular verb

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s