[Grammar] 위,아래, 앞, 뒤 : Location nouns

Location nouns
위/아래/앞/뒤/옆/왼쪽/오른쪽/안/밖

 

We are going to learn location nouns in this post.  You can put these location nouns into ‘-이/가 -에 있어요/없어요 (~ is at/in somewhere) in the previous post(click).  Let’s look at the table below to learn location nouns.

Korean
English
Example
top,above
책상 위 on the desk
아래
under, bottom
책상 아래 under the desk
front
책상 앞 in front of the desk
back, behind
책상 뒤 behind the desk
next to
책상 옆 next to the desk
왼쪽
to the left of ~
책상 왼쪽 to the left of the desk
오른쪽
to the right of~
책상 오른쪽 to the right of desk
inside the ~
집 안 inside the house
outside of the~
집 밖 outside of the house
A하고 B 사이
between A and B
책상하고 의자 사이 between the desk and the chair

 

You can make it into a question with the question noun “어디” which means “where” instead of the noun in “Location noun+에“.

e.g)

시계가 책상 에 있어요.
The clock is on the desk.
시계가 책상 아래에 있어요.
The clock is under the desk.
시계가 책상 에 있어요.
The clock is in front of the desk.
시계가 책상 에 있어요.
The clock is behind the desk.
시계가 책상에 있어요.
The clock is next to the desk.
시계가 책상 왼쪽에 있어요.
The clock is to the left of the desk.
시계가 책상 오른쪽에 있어요.
The clock is to the right of the desk.
고양이가 집 에 있어요.
The cat is inside the house.
고양이가 집에 있어요.
The cat is outside of the house.
고양이가 책상하고 의자 사이에 있어요.
The cat is between the desk and the chair.
선생님이 어디에 있어요?
Where is the teacher?
화장실이 어디에 있어요?
Where is the bathroom?

You can listen to the pronunciation here.

Practice1>> Tranlate it to English.

1) 돈이 가방에 없어요.

2) 컴퓨터가 집에 없어요.

3) 시계가 책상 위에 있어요.

4) 사과가 냉장고 안에 있어요.

5) 학교가 어디에 있어요?

6) 선생님이 어디에 있어요?

 

Practice2>>Translate it to Korean.

1) Where is your house?

2) The book is on the top of the desk.

3) My friend is not in America.

4) Where is the school?

5) The pen is under the book.

6) Is the cell phone in the bag?

 

If you know the answer, please leave a reply under this post. I will post the answer next weekend!

2 thoughts on “[Grammar] 위,아래, 앞, 뒤 : Location nouns

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