[Grammar] -습니다 Formal verb ending

-습니다 Formal verb ending

-(스)ㅂ니다 is a formal verb/adjective ending.  We’ve learned the friendly/polite verb ending -아/어/여요 in the previous post, whereas -(스)ㅂ니다 is a formal/polite verb ending.  We will hear and see this verb ending a lot on TV news or on newspaper.

The present tense is -(스)ㅂ니다.  The form of (스)ㅂ니다 depends on whether a verb/adjective stem ends with a consonant or a vowel.

Verb/adjective(ends with a consonant) + 습니다
Verb/adjective(ends with a vowel) + ㅂ니다

For example,

Verb/adjective(ends with a consonant)+습니다
(다)+습니다
먹습니다
(다)+습니다
읽습니다
(다) +습니다
좋습니다
Verb/adjective(ends with a vowel)+ㅂ니다
(다) + ㅂ니다
갑니다
(다) + ㅂ니다
옵니다
(다)+ㅂ니다
예쁩니다

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

 

The past tense of -습니다 is -았/었/였습니다.  The form of -았/었/였습니다 depends on a vowel of a verb/adjective’s stem.

Verb/adjective
-았/었/였습니다
Output
아/오 vowel
가(다)
가+았습니다
갔습니다
오(다)
오+았습니다
왔습니다
좋(다)
좋+았습니다
좋았습니다
other than
아/오 vowel
만들(다)
만들+었습니다
만들었습니다
먹(다)
먹+었습니다
먹었습니다
흐리(다)
흐리+었습니다
흐렸습니다
하(다)
공부하(다)
공부하+였습니다 (하+여=해)
공부했습니다
일하(다)
일하+였습니다(하+여=해)
일했습니다
피곤하(다)
피곤하+였습니다(하+여=해)
피곤했습니다

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

 

The future tense of -습니다 is -(으)ㄹ 겁니다.  The form of -ㄹ 겁니다 depends on whether a verb/adjective stem ends with a consonant or a vowel.

Verb/adjective(ends with a consonant)+을 겁니다
(다)+을 겁니다
먹을 겁니다
(다)+을 겁니다
읽을 겁니다
(다) +을 겁니다
좋을 겁니다
Verb/adjective(ends with a vowel)+ㄹ 겁니다
(다) + ㄹ 겁니다
갈 겁니다
(다) +ㄹ 겁니다
마실 겁니다
공부(다)+ㄹ 겁니다
공부할 겁니다

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

 

 

* -입니다 is the formal version of -이에요/예요.

Noun+입니다

학생입니다
선생님입니다
동생입니다
아버지입니다
의사입니다
컴퓨터입니다

 

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

One thought on “[Grammar] -습니다 Formal verb ending

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