[Grammar] ㅎ 불규칙 : ㅎ irregular

ㅎ 불규칙 : ㅎ irregular

ㅎfinal consonant has lots of changes when it meets a vowel.

1. When a lot of adjective which have ㅎ final consonant meets -(으) verb ending, ㅎ drops.

Adjective ㅎ drops Output
빨갛(다) red+(으)ㄴ 빨간
하얗(다) white +(으)ㄹ까 하얄까
그렇(다)  that +(으)니까 그러니까
이렇(다) this +(으)면 이러면
저렇(다) that (으)ㄹ수록 저럴수록

More words : 노랗다 yellow, 까맣다 black, 파랗다 blue etc. (Mostly words for colors)

2. ㅎ final consonant meets -아/어 verb ending, ㅎ and 아/어 change to 애/에.

Adjective ㅎ + 아/어=> 애
빨갛(다) +아/어요=> 빨개요
하얗(다) +아/어요=> 하얘요
그렇(다) +아/어서=>그래서
이렇(다) +아/어서=>이래서
저렇(다) +아/어서=> 저래서

3. There are some adjective/verb that don’t change the shape.

싫(다)+(으) 으면
괜찮(다)+(으)니까 으니까
놓(다)+ 아요
넣(다)+(으) 으면
쌓(다)+(으)ㄹ까 을까
닿(다)+(으)ㄹ 것이다 을 것이다

하늘은 왜 파랄까요? Why does the sky blue?
머리가 까매요. Someone’s hair is black.
저는 빨간색을 가장 좋아합니다. Red is my favorite color.
저는 하얀 모자를 좋아해요.I like white hat.
언니가 8월에 아이를 낳을 거예요. My sister is going to have a baby in August.
많은 사람들이 선물을 책상 위에 놓았다. Many people put their gifts on the desk.
가방에 너무 많이 넣으면 들 수 없을 거예요. If you put too many things in the bag, you can’t lift it.

3 thoughts on “[Grammar] ㅎ 불규칙 : ㅎ irregular

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