There are lots of particles in Korean such as the subject particle, the object particle, the place particle, the time particle and the destination particle etc. What are particles’ function? Particles tell us constituents of a sentence, which means particles tell us which one is a subject, an object, place, time or a destination. In English, it is similar to preposition. For example,
엄마 아들 사랑해요 (mom, son, love)
In this sentence, I can’t tell who love whom. So we need particles like this,
엄마가 아들을 사랑해요. (The mom loves her son.)
아들이 엄마를 사랑해요. (The son loves his mom.)
– 이 and 가 are subject particles, –을 and 를 are object particles.
학교 회사 있어요. (school, company, is)
I can’t tell whether ‘There is the company in the school’ or ‘There is the school in the company’.
학교에 회사가 있어요. (The company is at the school.)
학교가 회사에 있어요. (The school is at the company.)
– 에 is the place particle.
If you want to learn more particles, please click
One thought on “[Grammar] 조사 particles”