[Grammar] -(으)ㄹ 줄 알아요/몰라요 : can/can’t

 -(으)ㄹ 줄 알(다)/모르(다) means ‘ability’; it can be translated ‘can/can’t’ or ‘know how to do/ don’t know how to do’.  (모르다 : 르 irregular).   ‘줄’  here is pronounced as [쭐].

Verb(ends with a consonant) +  줄 알아요/몰라요
Verb(ends with a vowel or ) + 줄 알아요/몰라요

For example,

(다) + 줄 알아요 / 몰라요

(다) + 줄 알아요 / 몰라요
수영(다) + 줄 알아요 / 몰라요
(다) + 줄 알아요 / 몰라요
(When ㄹfinal consonant meets -(으)ㄹ, -(으)ㄹ drop.)

Practice>>

수영할 줄 알아요?
 Can you swim?
운전할 줄 알아요?
 Do you know how to drive?
테니스 칠 줄 알아요?
 Do you know how to play tennis?
한국어할 줄 알아요?
 Can you speak Korean?
중국어할 줄 몰라요.
 I don’t know Chinese.
이 프린터 쓸 줄 몰라요.
 I don’t know how to use this printer.
된장찌개 만들 줄 몰라요.
 I don’t know how to make a Korean bean soup.

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

You can also use ‘-(으)ㄹ 수 있다/없다’ for ‘ability’, however ‘-(으)ㄹ 수 있다/없다’ has also ‘possibility’, so it is safe to use ‘-(으)ㄹ 줄 알다/모르다 for ‘ability’.  You can click here to learn more about -(으)ㄹ 수 있다/없다.

여러분, 뭐 할 줄 알아요?  What can you do?

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