[Grammar] Particle: Noun+도 also, too

-도 means ‘also’ or ‘too’, however it is different from English. It is a particle, so -도 is attached to a noun. -도 cannot be used with subject particles -이/가 and object particles -을/를.

저는 미국 사람이에요. 제 아내 미국 사람이에요. I am American. My wife is American.
-> 저는 미국 사람이에요. 제 아내 미국 사람이에요. I am American. My wife is also American.

저는 사과를 좋아해요. (저는) 바나나 좋아해요. I like apples. I like bananas.
-> 저는 사과를 좋아해요. (저는) 바나나 좋아해요. I like apples. I also like bananas.

A : 제 사과를 안 좋아해요. I don’t like apples.
B: 저 사과를 안 좋아해요.  I don’t like them either.

 

However when -도 comes with other particles, it takes a place after other particles. For example,

저는 도서관에서 한국어를 공부해요. (저는) 집에서 (한국어를) 공부해요.   I study Korean at the library. I study Korean at home.
-> 저는 도서관에서 한국어를 공부해요. (저는) 집에서도 (한국어를) 공부해요. I study Korean at the library. I also study Korean at home.

월요일에 커피를 안 마셨어요. 수요일 커피를 안 마셨어요. I didn’t drink coffee on Monday. I didn’t drink coffee on Wednesday.
-> 월요일에 커피를 안 마셨어요. 수요일에도 커피를 안 마셨어요. I didn’t drink coffee on Monday. I didn’t drink coffee on Wednesday either.

Q: 저는 강남에 살아요.  I live in Gangnam.
A: 저요. Me too.
** A lot of students ask me how to say ‘me too’, it is very simple. It is ‘저도요(polite)‘ or ‘나도(casual)‘.

 

Practice> Let’s make these sentences in Korean.

  1. I am a teacher, my younger sister is also a teacher.
  2. A: I don’t like watermelon. B: I don’t like it either.
  3. I can speak Korean and I can also speak English.
  4. I don’t work on Monday, I don’t work on weekend either.

 

You can listen to audio files by clicking here. 

 

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s