[Grammar] -던, -았/었/였던 reminiscence

-던, -았/었/였던

means ‘reminiscence’ which is to tell a story that happened in the past. For example,

  1. 옛날에 알았던 사람인데 이름이 생각이 안 납니다. (=옛날에 알던(O))
    I cannot remember his/her name who I used to know in the past.
  2. 작년에 자주 갔던 커피숍이 문을 닫았어요. (=자주 가던 = 자주 간 (O))
    The coffee shop is closed that I often went last year.
  3. 한국에 살 때 자주 먹었던 음식이 뭐예요? (=자주 먹던=자주 먹은(O))
    What was the food that you often ate when you lived in Korea?
  4. 예전에 많이 했던 게임이에요. (=많이 한 (O), =많이 하던(O))
    It is a game that I played a lot before.
  5. 어제 봤던 영화 제목이 뭐예요? (=어제 본 (O))
    What was the title of the movie that you watched yesterday?
  6. 어제 보던 영화 제목이 뭐예요? (=어제 본(O))
    What was the title of the movie that you were watching yesterday?
  7. 집에 가던 길이었어요. (=가는 길(O), =갔던 길(X)) in progress
    It was on the way to go home.
  8. 이곳은 제 남자 친구하고 제가 처음 만났던 곳이에요. (=처음 만난(O), =처음 만나던(X))
    It was the place where I first met my boy friend.
  9. 예전에 한번 와 봤던 기억이 있어요. (=와 본(O), 와 보던(X))
    I have a memory that I have been here before.

 

Usually -았/었/였던 and -던 are interchangeable, however if an action is finished (like sentence 7,8,9), they are not interchangeable. In this case, you can often see 처음, 한번.

Sentence 5,6 have different meaning. Sentence 5 is “What was the title of the movie that you watched yesterday?” while sentence 6 is “What was the title of the movie that you were watching yesterday?”.

 

You can listen to the audio file by clicking here. 

 

 

 

4 thoughts on “[Grammar] -던, -았/었/였던 reminiscence

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