(A(으)ㄹ 겸) B(으)ㄹ 겸해서 C하다
means doing C in order to do A and B.
옷도 살 겸 친구도 만날 겸해서 강남역에 갔다 왔어요. (I went to Gangnam station in order to see a friend and buy some clothes)
전시회도 볼 겸 영화도 볼 겸해서 종로에 갔는데 영화관에 사람이 너무 많아서 영화는 못 봤어요. (I went to Jongno in order to watch a movie and see an exhibit, but I could not see a movie becuase there were too many people at the theater.
A: 어머, 오빠. 이 시간에 회사에 웬일이야? (Hey, what brings you here to my office?)
B: 이 근처에 볼일이 있어서 왔다가 네 얼굴도 볼 겸 점심 도시락도 갖다 줄 겸해서 왔어. (I have something to do near here, I just (came to) want to see you and bring you a lunch box.)
친구 결혼식도 볼 겸 바다도 볼 겸해서 부산에 갔었어요. (I went to Busan to attend my friend’s wedding and to see the ocean.)
요리 연습도 할 겸 아이들도 먹일 겸해서 갈비찜을 만들어 봤어요. (I made Galbi stew in order to practice cooking and to feed my kids.)
11 thoughts on “[Grammar]-(으)ㄹ 겸해서 in order to do A and B”
Do you teach Korean language online or email? I want to learn it. It is difficult to find class and I don’t have much time to go learning.
I have finished 세종한국어4 but I have never practiced it so i can’t speak it or good at listening to it.
Hi Tanaksimple, I do teach students online, unfortunately not this semester. Could you please send me an email in May if you are still interested?
Hello, Is there a post about grammar principle on how do I say things like “I have no money to buy food” or “I have no time to go to the cinema”. Translator says 저는 음식을 살 돈이 없어요, but I cannot find any explanation why ㄹ is used or is this a rule.
That is the future tense for (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ noun, you can look at this post. I haven’t write for the future tense which is (으)ㄹ, but you can learn the use from the post.
Thank you, but would it be possible for you to write a post about it (maybe with differences between tenses)? I can’t understand where is future in this sentence. Shouldn’t it just be “음식을 사는 것을 돈이 없어요.”?
The future part is (으)ㄹ. 는 것 = 는 noun have the same grammar 는 which is a modifier. You can change 는 into 은(past) or 을(future).
음식을 먹는 것을 좋아해요. I like EATING.
제가 오늘 산 것을 잃어버렸어요. I lost things THAT I bought today.
오늘 살 것이 너무 많아요. I have too many things TO buy.
음식을 살 돈이 없어요. I don’t have money TO buy.
시간이 없는 사람이 많아요. There are a lot of people WHO don’t have time.
오늘 집에 간 사람이 누구예요? Who is the person WHO went home today?
I assumed you only learned 는 것 as one thing, but you will see more sentence like these. Hope my explanation will help you understand.
Thank you a lot for the explanation. I never looked at it this way.
You are very welcome! I am glad that I helped you!
why is 도 used in all of these sentences? like in the last one for instance, what use does the 도 have in 요리 연습도? why is it there?
Because you are doing two actions(A and B) at the same time. 도 means ‘also’.
Ah I see! Thank you for the quick response!