[Hangeul] Pronunciation change 4 – Nasalization

This pronunciation is about ㄱ,ㄷ,ㅂ final consonants. When ㄱ,ㄷ,ㅂ final consonants sounds meet ㄴ,ㅁ which are nasal sounds, they turn into ㅇ,ㄴ,ㅁ.

ㄱ(ㄲ,ㅋ)

+

ㄴ, ㅁ

->

ㄷ(ㅌ,ㅈ,ㅊ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅎ)

ㅂ(ㅂ,ㅍ)

 

Examples>

물관[물관]
년[년]
만[만]
만[만]
만[만]
만[만]
는[는]
는[는]
는[는]

You can listen to audio files for the examples by clicking here.

 

 

Hangeul 1 – Single Vowels

Korean Characters

Hangeul 1- 8 Single Vowels 

There are 40 characters in Korean, which are 21 vowels and 19 consonants.  The vowels can be divided to the single vowels and the double vowels.  There are 8 single vowels and 13 double vowels.

We are going to learn the single vowels in this page.

* Single vowels

1) ㅏ  ‘a’ as in ‘father’, ‘spa’

2) ㅓ ‘awe’ as in ‘awesome’ and ‘au’ as in ‘August’

3) ㅗ ‘o’ as in ‘ghost’, ‘sofa’, however you shouldn’t move your mouth shape. 

4) ㅜ ‘oo’ as in ‘zoo’, ‘too’. You should make your lips as a round shape. 

5) ㅡ There is no pronunciation in English that is similar to this, however you can think of an extremely freezing day, you can make this sound 🙂

6) ㅣ’e’ as in ‘me’, ‘see’

7-8) ㅔ/ㅐ ‘에’ is similar to ‘e’ as in ‘set, bed’ and ‘애’ is similar to ‘a’ as in ‘dad’, ‘bat’. But many Koreans don’t recognize the difference.

Hangeul 2 – Double vowels

2)  double vowels

1)ㅑ ‘ya’ : single vowel ‘ㅣ’ and single vowel ‘ㅏ’ combined

2)ㅕ ‘yeo’ : single vowel ‘ㅣ’ and single vowel ‘ㅓ’ combined

3) ㅛ ‘yo’: single vowel ‘ㅣ’ and single vowel ‘ㅗ’ combined

4) ㅠ ‘ yu’ : single vowel ‘ㅣ’ and single vowel ‘ㅜ’ combined

5-6) ㅖ/ㅒ’ye’ : single vowel ‘ㅣ’ and single vowel ‘ㅔ/ㅐ’ combined

7) ㅘ ‘wa’ : single vowel ‘ㅗ’ and single vowel ‘ㅏ’ combined

8) ㅝ’wo’ : single vowel ‘ㅜ’ and single vowel ‘ㅓ’ combined

9-10) ㅙ / ㅞ ‘wae’, ‘we’ : single vowel ‘ㅗ’ and single vowel ‘ㅐ’ combined, single vowel ‘ㅜ’ and single vowel ‘ㅔ’ combined

11) ㅚ’oe’ :It was originally a single vowel, but many people recently read this as a double vowel like ‘ㅙ/ㅞ’

12) ㅟ ‘wi’ : single vowel ㅜ’ and single vowel ‘ㅣ’ combined

13) ㅢ’eui’ : single vowel ‘ㅡ’ and single vowel ‘ㅣ’ combined

Hangeul 4 – Consonants (Less air and relax)

Hangeul 4 – The First set of Korean Consonants

There are three consonant sets in Korean that depends on how to make a sound.

The first set has five sounds, which are very relaxing and small amount of air.  You should be careful with the amount of air because there are another set for aspirated sounds.  These are the first set of consonants.

5) ㄱ ‘g’: between ‘g’ and ‘k’ sound

6) ㄷ ‘d’: between ‘d’ and ‘t’ sound

7) ㅂ ‘b’: between ‘b’ and ‘p’ sound

8) ㅅ’s’ : very soft ‘s’ sound like smart, smile

9) ㅈ ‘j’ : between ‘j’ and ‘ch’ sound

Vocabulary flash cards for ‘ㄱ’ ‘ㄷ’ ‘ㅂ’ ‘ㅅ’ ‘ㅈ’ -> http://quizlet.com/28340157/hangul2-consonants-flash-cards/

Hangeul 5 – Consonants (Strong)

Hangeul 5The second set of Korean Consonants

These five consonants are in the second set of Korean consonants. They are very strong but no air. It is easy to make these sounds if you say with the very high tone.

10) ㄲ ‘gg’ : ‘k’ as in ‘ski’, ‘sky’

With the video, you can practice ‘까, 꺼, 꼬, 꾸, 끄, 끼, 께, 깨’

11) ㄸ ‘dd’ : ‘t’ as in ‘student’, ‘steam’

With the video, you can practice ‘따, 떠, 또, 뚜, 뜨, 띠, 떼, 때’

12)  ㅃ ‘bb’: ‘p’ as in ‘spa’, ‘spirit’

With the video, you can practice ‘빠, 뻐, 뽀, 뿌, 쁘, 삐, 뻬, 빼’

13)  ㅆ ‘ss’ : strong ‘s’ sound like ‘sad’, ‘similar’

With the video, you can practice ‘싸, 써, 쏘, 쑤, 쓰, 씨, 쎄, 쌔’

14) ㅉ ‘jj’: strong ‘dg’ sound ‘judge’

With the video, you can practice ‘짜, 쩌, 쪼, 쭈, 쯔, 찌, 쩨, 째’
Vocabulary flash cards for ‘ㄲ’ ‘ㄸ’ ‘ㅃ’ ‘ㅆ’ ‘ㅉ’-> http://quizlet.com/28340474/hangul3-flash-cards/

You can practice these sounds with the consonants(relax and less air) with these videos below.

* ‘ㄱ’ and ‘ㄲ’

* ‘ㄷ’ and ‘ㄸ’

*’ㅂ’ and ‘ㅃ’

* ‘ㅅ’ and ‘ㅆ’

* ‘ㅈ’ and ‘ㅊ’

Hangeul 6 – Consonants (Aspirated, Strong air)

Hangeul 6 – Consonants (Aspirated, Strong air)

These four consonants are similar to the consonants that we have learned in Hangeul 4 – Consonants(Relax, less air), however these have a lot of air when you make sounds.

15) ㅋ ‘k’

With the video, you can practice ‘카, 커, 코, 쿠, 크, 키, 케, 캐’

 

16) ㅌ ‘t’

With the video, you can practice ‘타, 터, 토, 투, 트, 티, 테, 태’

17) ㅍ ‘p’

With the video, you can practice ‘파, 퍼, 포, 푸, 프, 피, 페, 패’

18) ㅊ ‘ch’

With the video, you can practice ‘차, 처, 초, 추, 츠, 치, 체, 채’

Vocabulary flash cards for ‘ㅋ’ ‘ㅌ’ ‘ㅍ’ ‘ㅊ’ -> http://quizlet.com/28340673/hangul4-flash-cards/

You can practice these sounds with the consonants(relax and less air) with these videos below.
* ‘ㄱ’ and ‘ㅋ’

* ‘ㄷ’ and ‘ㅌ’

* ‘ㅂ’ and ‘ㅍ’

* ‘ㅈ’ and ‘ㅊ’

Hangeul 8 – Final consonants

Hangeul 8-  7 Final consonants

In Korean

1) ㄴ ‘n’

2) ㅁ ‘m’

3) ㅇ ‘ng’

4) ㄹ ‘l’

5) ㄱ(ㄲ,ㅋ) ‘k’

: ㄱ, ㄲ, ㅋ are the same sound(ㄱ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.    e.g) 억 = 엌

6) ㅂ(ㅍ) ‘p’

: ㅂandㅍ are the same sound(ㅂ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.   e.g) 입 = 잎

7) ㄷ(ㅌ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅈ,ㅊ,ㅎ) ‘t’

:  ㄷ,ㅌ,ㅅ,ㅆ,ㅈ,ㅊ,ㅎ are the same sound(ㄷ) when they are locate in an ending consonant.    e.g) 읻 = 잍 = 잇 = 있 = 잊 = 잋 = 잏

If you have any question, please leave a reply.