Present : 어찌나 / 얼마나 adj+(으)ㄴ지, verb+는지
Past : 어찌나 / 얼마나 adj/verb+았/었/였는지
얼마나 -은/는지 알다/모르다 can express two different meaning. First, it is literally asking “how much —-adjective/verb” like its literal meaning. For example.
민수가 술을 얼마나 자주 마시는지 알아요? Do you know how often does Minsu drink?
어제 아이가 사탕을 얼마나 많이 먹었는지 알아요? Do you know how much candy the kid ate yesterday?
But it is more often used to emphasize or stress a situation or an action, it is like “I can’t even describe how–“, “words can’t describe how–” or “I can’t even believe how–” For example,
숙제가 얼마나 많은지 힘들어 죽겠어요. I can’t even describe how much homework I have, I feel like I am dying!!.
민호 씨가 얼마나 멋있는지 알아요? Can you believe how handsome Minho is?
서울 날씨가 얼마나 더운지 몰라요. Words can’t describe how hot it is in Seoul.
어제 제가 얼마나 오래 기다렸는지 아세요? You don’t even know how long I waited for you yesterday? (I waited for long time.)
내가 너를 얼마나 사랑하는지 너는 알까? I wonder if you know how much I love you.
얼마나 빠른지 정말 치타 같았어요. I can’t even believe how fast he(she) is, he(she) looks like a cheetah.
#얼마나ㄴ지 #얼마나는지 #얼마나은지 #얼마나 #얼마나 adjective #얼마나verb