ㄹ 탈락 : ㄹ drop
You already know, vowel endings which start with -(으) or -(스) take place after a verb/adjective which ends with a final consonant. For example,
받+(스)ㅂ니다 -> 받습니다
읽+(으)러 -> 읽으러
닦+(으)면 -> 닦으면
However, when ㄹfinal consonant followed by (으) or (스), ㄹ drops. For example,
1) 살+(으)러 -> 살러
2) 멀+(으)면 -> 멀면
*3) 울+(스)ㅂ니다 -> 웁니다
*4) 울+(으)니까 -> 우니까
*5) 울+(으)셨어요-> 우셨어요
*6) 멀+(으)ㄴ -> 먼
*7) 살+는 -> 사는
You can see that there is no (으) in 1) and 2). If you look closely, there are more changes in 3)~7). After (으) or (스) drops, if there is ㄴ / ㅂ / ㅅ, ㄹfinal consonant drops. The table below will help you understand the process.
|vowel endings start with(으), (스)||(으), (스) drop||ㄹ drops||Result|
|밀+(으)ㄹ 거예요||밀+ㄹ 거예요||밀+ㄹ 거예요||밀 거예요(ㄹ merged)|
울다 to cry
살다 to live
밀다 to push
If you have any questions, please reply to this post.
9 thoughts on “[Grammar] ㄹ 탈락 : ㄹ drop”
You mean exactly the opposite right?
I assume it was all a typo:
“However, when (으) or (스) is followed by ㄹfinal consonant, (으) or (스) drops.”
Thanks for the correction! I just updated it!